Insulin resistance syndrome, also known as metabolic syndrome, is a group of metabolic disorders that increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other health problems.
It is characterized by insulin resistance, which means that the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and management of insulin resistance syndrome.
Causes of Insulin Resistance Syndrome:
Insulin resistance syndrome is a complex disorder that is influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some of the risk factors for developing insulin resistance syndrome include:
- Obesity: Being overweight or obese is a major risk factor for insulin resistance syndrome, as excess body fat can lead to insulin resistance.
- Physical inactivity: Lack of physical activity can also contribute to insulin resistance and the development of insulin resistance syndrome.
- Genetics: Insulin resistance syndrome tends to run in families, suggesting a genetic component.
- Age: Insulin resistance syndrome is more common in people over the age of 45.
- Hormonal Imbalances like females diagnosed with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
Symptoms of Insulin Resistance Syndrome
The symptoms of insulin resistance syndrome may be mild or absent in the early stages, making it difficult to detect. Some of the common symptoms of insulin resistance syndrome include:
- Abdominal obesity: Excess fat around the waistline is a key feature of insulin resistance syndrome. If you are female and your waist circumference is over 88 cm and male over 102 cm, you may be insulin resistant.
- High blood pressure: Insulin resistance syndrome is often associated with high blood pressure.
- High blood sugar: Insulin resistance syndrome can lead to high blood sugar levels, which can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- High cholesterol and triglycerides: Insulin resistance syndrome can lead to high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, which can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.